Exchanges of cryptocurrencies have long been an integral aspect of the crypto and blockchain industries. Crypto exchanges, as gates to the realm of cryptocurrency trading, have frequently influenced the field’s evolution throughout the years. Mt. Gox essentially single-handedly founded the cryptocurrency market, and its unexpected demise in 2014 nearly brought it down. In recent years, crypto exchanges such as Coinbase, Kraken, and Binance have been essential in the market’s growth. While decentralized exchanges such as Uniswap are growing in popularity, centralized exchanges continue to account for the vast bulk of the crypto trade. This is why we’re focusing on centralized exchanges in this post.
Here is a list of what we estimate to be the world’s top five centralized cryptocurrency exchanges.
Binance emerged amid a challenging period for the cryptocurrency industry. The giant South Korean cryptocurrency exchanges, such as Bithumb, recently lost market dominance due to a series of security breaches that spurred regulatory action. As a result of China’s unfriendly posture toward cryptocurrency trading, the country’s established cryptocurrency exchanges (Huobi, OKex) were trying to continue operations. The conditions were favorable for the emergence of a new significant player.
Binance arrived at the ideal time to fill the hole and become the market leader, but this was not entirely due to luck. The exchange’s user-friendly interface and support for various cryptocurrencies, including many niche altcoins, attracted users.
Since its inception, Binance has strengthened its position as the premier crypto trading platform. The site has introduced two own blockchains: the Binance Chain for rapid trade and the Binance Smart Chain, which is compatible with EVM. It has also issued two coins, the native BNB token, and the BUSD stablecoin. The Binance Launchpad token launch platform and the Binance Academy instructional resource for blockchain technology are among the company’s various projects.
Recent initiatives of the exchange include the introduction of an NFT marketplace where users can generate, purchase, and sell non-fungible tokens.
Binance is currently the world’s largest cryptocurrency exchange, typically making tens of billions of dollars per day. This excludes trading on Binance US, a separate platform for residents of the United States.
Coinbase, which began as a wallet service, has become one of the most respected platforms for cryptocurrency trading. As the largest cryptocurrency exchange in the United States, Coinbase has frequently acted as a catalyst for growth in the cryptocurrency market, particularly in the early days, when news of a token’s inclusion on the exchange might have a significant effect on its price.
Coinbase has always distinguished itself in terms of its credibility and reputation. This was partly owing to its position as the largest crypto exchange in the United States, making it a leader in a market with notoriously strict crypto legislation.
Coinbase has, over the years, amassed an outstanding array of products and services designed to increase the platform’s value and assist the expanding crypto ecosystem. Among them are a full product suite for enterprises, an educational program on blockchain technology and cryptocurrencies, a stablecoin, and a lending facility that permits individuals to borrow using Bitcoin as collateral.
Coinbase recently revealed its intention to establish a specialized platform for trading and constructing NFTs.
Over the past decade, Kraken, one of the oldest cryptocurrency exchanges in the United States, has been at the forefront of crypto trading. Although Kraken has never been among the most meaningful exchanges regarding trading volume, it has become the platform of choice for a committed community of crypto enthusiasts. This is one reason why Kraken has a reputation for catering to more experienced cryptocurrency consumers.
In keeping with this reputation, the exchange provides a robust portfolio of advanced services, such as staking, which enables users to use the bitcoin in their accounts by joining Kraken’s validator nodes, margin trading, and over-the-counter trading. The portal also provides a selection of crypto futures and real-time indices.
Kraken’s relatively high trading volume (24-hour volume of just over $500 million according to the most recent data from Coinmarketcap), combined with the platform’s low fees – especially for market makers – and a plethora of funding options, provides the exchange with high liquidity, allowing users to buy and sell assets with ease.
The exchange offers abundant high-quality educational content, such as crypto manuals, films, and podcasts.
Gemini is a well-known US exchange that, in addition to standard crypto trading, is noted for its advanced options. Gemini, founded in 2015 by the Winklevoss brothers, is accessible in all 50 states and offers over 70 cryptocurrencies. Due to its stringent security controls and compliance, this platform is recognized as one of the safest exchanges available.
The Gemini Earn program, which allows customers to earn interest (up to 8.05 percent annual percentage yield) on their crypto assets, is one of Gemini’s most attractive features. Gemini’s credit card offers up to 3 percent instant crypto rewards on every purchase and is another intriguing option.
Gemini also offers a variety of products for institutional investors and traders with more experience. These include a clearing service, which enables two parties to settle order book trades, a custodial service, a wallet, and a cryptocurrency payment service.
Gemini raised $400 million in late 2021 during a fundraising deal that valued the company at $7.1 billion.
The 24-hour trading volume of one of the largest cryptocurrency exchanges on this list, Crypto.com, is typically between $2 billion and $3 billion, which places it in the same league as Coinbase. With a wide array of supported cryptocurrencies and advanced trading options, it is not surprising that the site is so popular. Over 70 cryptocurrencies are supported by Crypto.com, including some of the most popular DeFi tokens.
Popular products offered by Crypto.com include Visa debit cards that reward holders of the exchange’s stablecoin CRO (up to 8% back in CRO on debit card spending), a crypto payment service, and a crypto loan business, among others. Meanwhile, sophisticated traders will appreciate possibilities such as margin trading, derivatives trading, and DeFi token swaps.
Recent developments at Crypto.com include the introduction of a marketplace for non-fungible coins.
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